Achieving the proposed EU heavy-duty truck 2030 CO2 legislation
A blog by Önder Bulut, Senior Simulation Engineer
Despite continued advances in fuel economy, on-road Heavy-Duty vehicles including busses, lorries and coaches, are responsible for approximately 25 percent of CO2 emissions from road transport within Europe. This equated to around 6 percent of the total CO2 emissions in Europe and this is expected to increase by 9 percent by 2030. Consequently, the European Commission has set performance standards for new Heavy-Duty vehicles to reduce CO2 by 15 percent by 2025, and by 30 percent by 2030.
VECTO (Vehicle Energy Consumption calculation TOol) has been developed by the European Commission and is used for determining CO2 emissions and fuel consumption from Heavy Duty Vehicles with standard payload conditions.
As a global partner of the industry, Ricardo has established an action plan to help our clients to meet this challenge. This has involved establishing a baseline and vehicle input parameters and entering them into the VECTO simulation tool to generate baseline CO2 results over VECTO default drive cycles (Long Haulage and Regional Delivery).
Following this step, the benefit of various technologies have been assessed through the VECTO tool . More advanced technologies which are not represented in VECTO yet, have been simulated by using Ricardo Integrated Model Based Development (IMBD) simulation environment to evaluate their CO2 reduction potential over VECTO drive cycles.
Ricardo has found that meeting the 2025 and 2030 CO2 targets is technically possible, but it presents several major challenges for OEMs.
The first obstacle is choosing the right technology mix to meet the short term 2025 timeframe. The availability, cost efficiency and implementation of these technologies will be key considerations in determining this technology mix and must be taken into consideration.
The second problem is that novel technologies such as waste heat recovery, alternative fuelled engines, predictive control strategies and hybridisation will be a key enabler to achieve the 30 percent target, some of which are not currently represented in VECTO.
The third challenge is that the emissions reduction targets will soon extend to smaller trucks, buses and coaches; all of which will require different technology packages in order to meet emissions targets.
These challenges will be explored along with an evaluation of the potential CO2 benefit of selected HD technologies and technology packages expected to meet the EU HDV 2030 CO2 legislation at ATZ Heavy-Duty, On- and Off-Highway Engines 2019 conference on Wednesday 27th November at 15:00.